Mathematics Studies"Children show a great attachment to the abstract subjects when they arrive at them through manual activity. They proceed to fields of knowledge hitherto held inaccessible to them, as grammar and mathematics."
Sensorial learning is viewed as the foundation for all later learning throughout life. The power of order is basic when considering math for the 3-6 classroom. Order links the impressions of a student's outer world with his inner world. The child does not consider his math as "work". Instead, he is drawn to it by an internal drive to bring order and form to his world--to classify and to understand.
The purpose of math materials in the Montessori preschool curriculum is not to teach math at an early age, but rather to assist each child in developing their own process and personality.
The Mathematics Lessons consist of:
- Numeration counting numerals 1-9 recognition of numerals
- The Decimal System decimal introduction association of place values understanding the concept of 10
- Linear Counting visual recognition of 1-1000 teens, tens, and 100 identification counting with materials
- Four Operations decimal system: introduces concepts of four operations golden beads: units, tens, hundreds, thousands addition, multiplication, subtraction, division
- Abstraction: The Bridge after manipulating the golden beads for operations work, the child becomes ready to recognize the symbolic value of the stamp material
- Memorization actual memorization of the complete tables does not begin until the elementary level - these activities are intended to provide exploration of numbers/quantities while also providing numerous opportunities for repetition and engaging the mind for memory